Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba is the most important territory for biodiversity conservation in the West Indies, according to conservation organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC). Two percent of the world flora is located in Cuba; if compared to the other Caribbean islands, Cuba has the highest number of plants and animals as well as the highest endemism degrees.
Cuba ranks first among insular ecosystems when regarding endemic plants, eleventh at world level concerning endemic reptiles, and twenty-second at world level with regard to higher reptiles.
The animal life(fauna) in Cuba is abundant and very peculiar, species like the smallest frog of the hemisphere Monte Iberia Dwarf Eleuth, the butterfly bat (Natalus lepidus), one of the smallest of the planet, the Bee Hummingbird is know as the smallest bird in the world, with only 7 centimeters, the Cuban Crocodile one of the most primitive ones of the world. The Cuban Solenodon, a giant among the insectivorous mammals that live in the planet, and the Cuban Gar are considered living fossils.
Cuba has a flora of striking richness, with the total number of native flowering species estimated at nearly 8,000. The Cuban Royal Palm is the national tree is the one that best characterizes the Cuban countryside, and so it is featured in the national coat of arms. The national flower is the White Ginger or Butterfly Jasmine.
Biosphere, Bioscapes and Landscapes in Cuba Naturaleza
Animal Life (Fauna) in Cuba Naturaleza
Vegetation (Flora) in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba's flora is very rich and extremely diverse, with more than eight thousand species among trees and flowers. The Cuban Royal Palm is the national tree is the one that best characterizes the Cuban countryside, and so it is featured in the national coat of arms. The national flower is the White Ginger or Butterfly Jasmine.
The most notable endemic species include the Cork Palm, the Magnolia amog others. The orchids have outstanding colors, flawless shapes and exist in more than 300 species, endemic to Cuba stands out the Black Orchid and the Bocourt's encylia, the last one discover in the 20th century ... more about the Flora in Cuba.
Activities in Cuba Naturaleza